References (21)



Virtual Life Satisfaction

Edward Castronova

Indiana University

Gert G. Wagner

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); Berlin University of Technology; German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)

August 2011

Kyklos, Vol. 64, Issue 3, pp. 313-328, 2011

We study life satisfaction data from the 2005 World Values Survey and a 2009 survey of users of the virtual world Second Life. Second Life users do not have the same demographic profile as the general population, but the differences are not as large as we expected. The mechanisms and causes of life satisfaction seem to be similar in the two samples. Among Second Life users, satisfaction with their virtual life is higher than satisfaction with their real life. Regression analysis indicates that people in certain life situations, such as unemployment, gain more life satisfaction from ‘switching’ to the virtual world than from changing their real‐life circumstances. In other words, an unemployed person can become happier by visiting Second Life rather than finding a job. Correspondingly, problems in real life are positive predictors of intense use of virtual life.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 16

Date posted: July 19, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Castronova, Edward and Wagner, Gert G., Virtual Life Satisfaction (August 2011). Kyklos, Vol. 64, Issue 3, pp. 313-328, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1888844 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6435.2011.00508.x

Contact Information

Edward Castronova
Indiana University ( email )
107 S Indiana Ave
100 South Woodlawn
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States
Gert G. Wagner
German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )
Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
+49 30 8 978 9290 (Phone)
+49 30 8 978 9200 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.diw.de/programme/jsp/MA.jsp?language=en&uid=gwagner
Berlin University of Technology ( email )
Straße des 17
Berlin, 10623
+30 8 978 9283 (Phone)
German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) ( email )
DIW Berlin
10108 Berlin, Berlin
+49 30 8978 9290 (Phone)
+49 30 8978 9109 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.diw/en/soep
Feedback to SSRN

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