Rethinking the EU’s Mediterranean Policies Post-1/11

IAI Working Paper No. 11/06

29 Pages Posted: 23 Jul 2011

See all articles by Jean-Pierre Cassarino

Jean-Pierre Cassarino

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS)

Nathalie Tocci

Istituto Affari Internazionali

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

The revolts sweeping across North Africa and the Middle East in 2011 have shaken long-held truths about the region. Most strikingly, the sustainability of these regimes has proved a chimera. The events in the region and the many truths they uncovered call for a serious rethink in Western policies towards the region. The aim of this paper is to explore what such a rethink might entail for the European Union. Reviewing the European Neighbourhood Policy by revamping the benefits on offer, reconsidering the effective use of conditionality, establishing adequate monitoring mechanisms and engaging with a plethora of partners both within and beyond the region is imperative. Such a review is contingent on the recognition of a reversed hierarchy of priorities, induced by the force of historical events unfolding in the region. To reverse policy priorities is no small feat, considering the entrenched logic that has sustained Euro-Med policies so far. Nonetheless, various dynamics press for a new way of thinking. The proposals contained in this study constitute concrete steps to rethink the EU’s Mediterranean policies in line with the fundamental rights and principles which the Union seeks to advance in its external action.

Keywords: Middle East, North Africa, Revolution, Reforms, ENP, European Neighbourhood Policy, UFM, Union for the Mediterranean, International Relations

Suggested Citation

Cassarino, Jean-Pierre and Tocci, Nathalie, Rethinking the EU’s Mediterranean Policies Post-1/11 (2011). IAI Working Paper No. 11/06. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1892981 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1892981

Jean-Pierre Cassarino (Contact Author)

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.eui.eu/RSCAS

Nathalie Tocci

Istituto Affari Internazionali ( email )

Via Angelo Brunetti, 9
Rome, 00186
Italy

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