The Charter of Fundamental Rights: History and Prospects in Post-Lisbon Europe

David Anderson

Brick Court Chambers; King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law

Cian C. Murphy

Center for Transnational Legal Studies

March 31, 2011

EUI Working Papers Law 2011/08

The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights has been incorporated into European constitutional law ten years after it was adopted by the EU institutions. In that time the Charter developed from a ‘solemn proclamation’ to a persuasive authority before the European Courts and now a binding Charter for the EU. It has been referred to in the case-law of both the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights. However, the Charter’s history and future are the subject of political contest and academic debate. Along with the accession to the European Convention on Human Rights, it is likely to provide much scope for debate in coming years.

This paper assesses the Charter’s development from a proposal to increase EU legitimacy to its current status as the Union’s own Bill of Rights. It examines the rights protected by the Charter, their sources and how they may be interpreted in light of the ‘Explanations’ in the Official Journal. The case-law of the European Courts on the Charter is catalogued and analysed to determine the Charter’s likely value in human rights litigation. Finally, the chapter analyses the application of the Charter across the EU and considers its implications in the Member States that have limited its effect. Three related themes are woven throughout the analysis: the conflicting motivations of the Member States and the EU institutions, the potential for broadening and strengthening human rights protection in the EU and the Charter’s relationship with the European Convention on Human Rights.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 30

Keywords: EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, Human Rights, Lisbon Treaty, ECHR, European Court of Human Rights, European Court of Justice

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Date posted: July 25, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Anderson, David and Murphy, Cian C., The Charter of Fundamental Rights: History and Prospects in Post-Lisbon Europe (March 31, 2011). EUI Working Papers Law 2011/08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1894386 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1894386

Contact Information

David Anderson
Brick Court Chambers ( email )
7 - 8 Essex St.
London, WC2R 3LD
United Kingdom
King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law
Somerset House East Wing
London, WC2R 2LS
United Kingdom

Cian C. Murphy (Contact Author)
Center for Transnational Legal Studies ( email )
37-39 High Holborn St
Swan House
London, WC1V 6AA
United Kingdom
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