Apparently Everyone is NOT Equal: How Institutional Racism Undermines Cuba’s Claims of an Egalitarian Society
50 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2011 Last revised: 13 Jan 2012
Date Written: March 30, 2010
In 1959, Cuba’s revolutionary government pledged to eliminate institutional racism. What if anything was done to make that happen? What laws were implemented to encourage racial equality? Is it not hypocritical to be a society founded upon the principles of socialism and egalitarianism, yet foster a separation of classes based on race? These are all issues that will be examined throughout this paper.
In order to get an understanding of the race problems in Cuba, it is necessary to examine the societal development of the Cuban population. Therefore, the first part of the paper will discuss the history of Cuba with a focus on race relations and social norms leading up to and including the Cuban Revolution. The focus will then shift to an analysis of the laws implemented to deal with racial discrimination, and the effects, if any, the laws had on eliminating racism. Next, the current state of race relations will be addressed, including an analysis of current trends which make addressing race issues vital to the development of Cuban society. Finally, the discussion will conclude with the importance that eliminating racism has on aligning Cuba’s intended goals of equality with reality.
Keywords: Cuba, Racism, Castro, Obama, Socialism, Blacks, Afro-Cuban, Revolution, Slaves, Martí, Spain, Independent Party of Color, Alan Gross, Race, Che, Revolution, Equality, Inequality, Guevara
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