Temporary Agency Work and Firm Competitiveness: Evidence from German Manufacturing Firms
25 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2011
Date Written: June 2011
This paper addresses the relationship between the utilization of temporary agency workers by firms and their competitiveness measured by unit labor costs, using a rich, newly built, data set of German manufacturing enterprises. The analysis is conducted by applying different panel data models while taking the inherent selection problem into account. Making use of dynamic panel data models allows us to control for firm specific fixed effects as well as for potential endogeneity of explanatory variables. The results indicate a U-shaped relationship between the extent that temporary agency workers are used and the competitiveness of firms.
Keywords: temporary agency work, competitiveness, firm performance, manufacturing
JEL Classification: D24, L23, L60
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