European Energy Security Governance: Key-Challenges and Opportunities in EU-Russia Energy Relations

Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper No. 65

66 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2011

See all articles by Sijbren De Jong

Sijbren De Jong

The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies

Jan Wouters

KU Leuven - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies

Date Written: June 1, 2011

Abstract

Energy relations between the European Union (EU) and Russia have come under increasing strain in recent years, not least due to a series of interruptions in the supply of natural gas to the EU. Tensions are further compounded by Russia's recent withdrawal from the Energy Charter Treaty and the fact that agreement on a successor to the over ten year old Partnership and Cooperation Agreement remains outstanding. Through an extensive consultation among key-stakeholders involved, the paper provides a thorough analysis of the current status of EU-Russia energy relations and their major challenges. Departing from a brief chronological analysis that dates from the early 1990s until today, the paper identifies four key outstanding issues which are subsequently analysed in greater detail: (i) reciprocity in market access; (ii) the bilateral and international framework that forms the basis of legal ties between the two powers; (iii) coherence in external energy relations; and (iv) what role the Lisbon Treaty plays in this regard and whether there is a need for a new specific external energy treaty to guide the Union‟s external efforts vis-à-vis Russia. The paper concludes with a number of recommendations on each set of challenges.

Keywords: Energy, Energy Security, EU-Russia Relations, Energy Charter, Coherence in External Energy Relations, Lisbon Treaty

Suggested Citation

De Jong, Sijbren and Wouters, Jan, European Energy Security Governance: Key-Challenges and Opportunities in EU-Russia Energy Relations (June 1, 2011). Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper No. 65. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1898676 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1898676

Sijbren De Jong (Contact Author)

The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies ( email )

Lange Voorhout 16
Hague, 2514 EB
Netherlands

Jan Wouters

KU Leuven - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies ( email )

House De Dorlodot - Deberiotstraat 34
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

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