Emotion Regulation and the Cultivation of Political Tolerance: Searching for a New Track for Intervention

39 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2011 Last revised: 11 Aug 2011

See all articles by Eran Halperin

Eran Halperin

Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center

Ruthie Pliskin

Leiden University

Varda Liberman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

­James J. Gross

Stanford University - Department of Psychology

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

The goal of the current project is to integrate psychological research on emotion regulation with the study of democratic practices in general and political intolerance in particular. We hypothesized that use of a well-established emotion regulation strategy, cognitive reappraisal, would be associated with lower levels of group-based negative emotions towards one's least-liked group, and lower levels of political intolerance towards that group. In Study 1, we found that the tendency to reappraise negative emotions during war was associated with less intolerant attitudes . In Studies 2 and 3, we experimentally manipulated reappraisal, and this led to reduced levels of political intolerance towards Palestinian Citizens of Israel (Study 2) and towards one’s most disliked group (Study 3). These effects were mediated through a decrease in negative emotions in both studies, as well as by an increase in support for general democratic values in Study 3.

Keywords: emotion regulation, reappraisal, intolerance, democratic values

Suggested Citation

Halperin, Eran and Pliskin, Ruthie and Liberman, Varda and Gross, ­James J., Emotion Regulation and the Cultivation of Political Tolerance: Searching for a New Track for Intervention (2011). APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1901687

Eran Halperin

Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center ( email )

Israel

Ruthie Pliskin (Contact Author)

Leiden University

Postbus 9500
Leiden, Zuid Holland 2300 RA
Netherlands

Varda Liberman

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

­James J. Gross

Stanford University - Department of Psychology ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

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