Do Better Monitoring Institutions Increase Leadership Quality in Community Organizations? Evidence from Uganda.
42 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2011 Last revised: 9 Nov 2013
Date Written: May 8, 2013
We offer a framework for analyzing the impact of monitoring --- a commonly recommended solution to poor leadership --- on the quality of democratically elected leaders in community organizations in low-income countries. In our model, groups may face a trade-off between leader ability and effort. If the group's ability to monitor the leader is low, then the leader may exert too little effort. A higher level of monitoring increases leader effort, raising the value of the public good. However, more intense monitoring may also drive higher ability members to opt-out of candidacy, reducing public goods value. The result is an inverted U-shaped relationship between the level of monitoring and the value of the public good. The trade-off between leader effort and ability, however, only exists in the presence of sufficient private income opportunities. These predictions are assessed using original data gathered from Ugandan farmer associations.
Keywords: Leadership quality, Citizen-candidate, Political selection, Public goods, Monitoring
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