War and Women's Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal

49 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Nidhiya Menon

Nidhiya Menon

Brandeis University - International Business School

Yana van der Meulen Rodgers

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 1, 2011

Abstract

This paper examines how Nepal's 1996-2006 civil conflict affected women's decisions to engage in employment. Using three waves of the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, the authors employ a difference-in-difference approach to identify the impact of war on women's employment decisions. The results indicate that as a result of the Maoist-led insurgency, women's employment probabilities were substantially higher in 2001 and 2006 relative to the outbreak of war in 1996. These employment results also hold for self-employment decisions, and they hold for smaller sub-samples that condition on husband's migration status and women's status as widows or household heads. Numerous robustness checks of the difference-in-difference estimates based on alternative empirical methods provide compelling evidence that women's likelihood of employment increased as a consequence of the conflict.

Keywords: Population Policies, Rural Poverty Reduction, Labor Markets, Regional Economic Development, Gender and Law

Suggested Citation

Menon, Nidhiya and Rodgers, Yana van der Meulen, War and Women's Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal (August 1, 2011). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5745. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1903504

Nidhiya Menon (Contact Author)

Brandeis University - International Business School ( email )

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Yana van der Meulen Rodgers

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

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New Brunswick, NJ 08854
United States

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