Access to Justice: An Agenda for Legal Education and Research

Journal of Legal Education, Forthcoming

Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1903769

25 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2011


The recent economic recession has brought new urgency to longstanding problems in the delivery of legal services. For decades, bar studies have consistently estimated that over four fifths of the individual legal needs of the poor and a majority of the needs of middle-income individuals Americans remain unmet. Our failures in providing access to justice have been compounded in the recent downturn. High rates of unemployment, bankruptcies, foreclosures, and reductions in social services have created more demands for legal representation at the same time that many of its providers have faced cutbacks in their own budgets. As a consequence, legal aid and public interest programs are often being asked to do more with less.

In this context, the need for greater research and education about the justice gap assumes increasing importance. To allocate scarce funds wisely, we need better information about unmet legal problems, the gaps in service provision, and the cost-effectiveness of possible responses. And to build a coalition for progress, we need a profession and public that is more informed about what passes for justice among the have nots.

The recent creation of an office on Access to Justice within the United States Department of Justice under the Obama administration reflects these concerns. The office’s interest in building bridges to legal academics prompted a meeting at Stanford University in 2011 under the sponsorship of the Stanford Center on the Legal Profession, the American Bar Foundation, and the Harvard Program on the Legal Profession. One result of that meeting was the creation of a Consortium on Access to Justice. The mission of the Consortium is to promote research and teaching on access to justice, and one of its first initiatives has been to propose and assist preparation of this report. Although the Consortium’s primary focus is on civil matters, many challenges that it identifies are equally apparent in indigent criminal defense. The point of this overview is to enlist more academics in focusing on the fairness of the American justice system, and to create constituencies that are more informed and motivated to address its challenges.

Suggested Citation

Rhode, Deborah, Access to Justice: An Agenda for Legal Education and Research. Journal of Legal Education, Forthcoming, Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1903769, Available at SSRN:

Deborah Rhode (Contact Author)

Stanford Law School ( email )

559 Nathan Abbott Way
Stanford, CA 94305-8610
United States
650 723.0319 (Phone)

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