A Network Analysis of Global Banking: 1978-2010
43 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2011 Last revised: 27 Feb 2013
Date Written: February 26, 2013
We analyze the global banking network using data on cross-border banking flows for 184 countries during 1978–2010. We find that the density of the global banking network defined by these flows is procyclical, expanding and contracting with the global cycle of capital flows. We also find that country connectedness in the network tends to rise before banking and debt crises and to fall in their aftermath. Despite a historically unique build-up in aggregate flows prior to the global financial crisis, network density in 2007 was comparable to earlier peaks. This suggests that factors other than connectedness, such as the location of the initial shock to the core of the network, have contributed to the severity of the crisis. The global financial crisis stands out as an unusually large perturbation to the global banking network, with indicators of network density in 2008 reaching all-time lows.
Keywords: cross-border banking, network analysis, financial interconnectedness, financial crises
JEL Classification: F21, F36, F49, G15, G19
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