A Multi-Disciplinary Interpretation of Migration: Amenity Capitalization in Both Land and Labor Markets
10 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2011
Date Written: July 1, 1984
Various disciplines have produced models to explain and predict migration. A model is presented providing a taxonomy through which interdisciplinary insights can be synthesized. The imperfect information view emphasizes the role of wage differentials as representing arbitragible real utility differences. The perfect information approach holds that wage and rent differentials are compensating differentials, eliminating real utility variation over space. Moreover, markets compress diverse aspects of spatial variation in welfare, otherwise difficult to quantify, into compensating wage and rent differentials. Rents tend to capitalize the variation in a host of amenities, thereby substantially reducing the need for a potential migrant to discover and weight the importance of various amenities. Empirical results are presented that support the latter equilibrium. Amenities, as proxied by rents, are superior goods as indicated by net movements toward high rent locations. This suggests the increasing relative importance of amenities as a determinant of migration.
Keywords: migration, amenities, rent compensation, wage compensation, regional growth, regional decline
JEL Classification: R10, R11, R12, R13, R23, J31, J60
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