Mental Simulation and the Evaluation of New Products: The Affective and Cognitive Dimensions of Process Versus Outcome-Focused Thoughts
ADVANCES IN CONSUMER RESEARCH, Vol. 36, pp. 726-727, Ann L. McGill, Sharon Shavitt, eds., Duluth, MN: Association for Consumer Research, 2010
Posted: 4 Aug 2011
Date Written: April 1, 2010
In this research we examine the role of process vs. outcome-focused mental simulation in new product evaluation. We first show that consumers naturally focus on product benefits when they evaluate incrementally new products (INPs), but have a more balanced focus on both the benefits and process of using the product for really new products (RNPs). Based on these natural evaluation tendencies, we demonstrate that while evoking process simulation has no impact on RNPs, for INPs it activates the naturally ignored information and leads to a shift in evaluation.
Further, we show how manipulating the type of information processing mode (cognitive vs. affective) elicits unique effects within process and outcome simulation on the evaluation of RNPs. The mediating role of performance uncertainty is discussed.
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