Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India
44 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2011 Last revised: 16 Jan 2014
Date Written: December 30, 2013
Using the most comprehensive developing country dataset ever compiled on air and water pollution and environmental regulations, the paper assesses India’s environmental regulations with a difference-in-differences design. The air pollution regulations are associated with substantial improvements in air quality. The most successful air regulation resulted in a modest, but statistically insignificant decline in infant mortality. In contrast, the water regulations had no measurable benefits. The available evidence leads us to cautiously conclude that higher demand for air quality prompted the effective enforcement of air pollution regulations, indicating that strong public support allows environmental regulations to succeed in weak institutional settings.
Keywords: Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Benefits of Environmental Regulations, India
JEL Classification: H2, Q5, Q2, O1, R5
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