Economic Perspective of Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Technology Transfer and Rural Water Use in Darfur
Middle East Studies Online Journal, Vol. 2, No. 5, 2011
20 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2011
Date Written: January 12, 2011
There are growing increases in Darfur population's water demand in recent years due to rapid demographic expansions that led to increased consumption per capita associated with improved standards of living and water-related commodity production, agriculture and service industries. In addition to this, the problem of water stress which is attributable to increased per capita demand over fixed levels of supply and its concomitant land desiccation resulting from activities such as deforestation and overgrazing. Water scarcity continues in arid and semi-arid areas due to precursory climatic conditions of aridity and droughts. Together these have led to acute water scarcity and consequently, a shortfall in the amount of water available for human use. The current paper discusses issues of economic and sustainable utilization in Kutum area, Northern Darfur region using field data and economic model.
Keywords: Sudan, Darfur, Technology Transfer, Water Supply and Demand, Economic Productivity, Food Security
JEL Classification: N17, N37, N47, N57, O55, Q2, Q4, Q20, Q21, Q24, Q25, Q40, O00, O10, O10, O11, O12, O13, O14
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