The Price of Liquidity: The Effects of Market Conditions and Bank Characteristics
54 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2011
Date Written: August 23, 2011
We study the prices that individual banks pay for liquidity (captured by borrowing rates in repos with the central bank and benchmarked by the overnight index swap) as a function of market conditions and bank characteristics. These prices depend in particular on the distribution of liquidity across banks, which is calculated over time using individual banklevel data on reserve requirements and actual holdings. Banks pay more for liquidity when positions are more imbalanced across banks, consistent with the existence of short squeezing. We also show that small banks pay more for liquidity and are more vulnerable to squeezes. Healthier banks pay less but, contrary to what one might expect, banks in formal liquidity networks do not. State guarantees reduce the price of liquidity but do not protect against squeezes.
Keywords: Banks, liquidity, money markets, repos, imbalance
JEL Classification: G12, G21, E43, E58, D44
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