Are Conditional Cash Transfers Effective in Urban Areas? Evidence from Mexico

37 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2011

See all articles by Jere Behrman

Jere Behrman

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

Jorge Gallardo Garcia

Bates White, LLC

Susan Parker

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) - Division of Economics

Petra Todd

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Viviana Velez-Grajales

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Date Written: August 24, 2011

Abstract

Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs have spread worldwide as a new form of social assistance for the poor. Previous evaluations of CCT programs focus mainly on rural settings, and little is known about their effects in urban areas. This paper studies the short-term (one and two-year) effects of the Mexican Oportunidades CCT program on urban children/youth. The program provides financial incentives for children/youth to attend school and for family members to visit health clinics. To participate, families had to sign up for the program and be deemed eligible. Difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimates indicate that the program is successful in increasing school enrollment, schooling attainment and time devoted to homework and in decreasing working rates of boys.

Keywords: conditional cash transfer programs, matching estimators, program evaluation

JEL Classification: I21, I28, J24

Suggested Citation

Behrman, Jere R. and Gallardo Garcia, Jorge and Parker, Susan and Todd, Petra and Velez-Grajales, Viviana, Are Conditional Cash Transfers Effective in Urban Areas? Evidence from Mexico (August 24, 2011). PIER Working Paper No. 11-024. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1916083 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1916083

Jere R. Behrman

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )

Ronald O. Perelman Center for Political Science
133 South 36th Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297
United States
215-898-7704 (Phone)
215-573-2057 (Fax)

Jorge Gallardo Garcia

Bates White, LLC ( email )

2001 K St., NW
Suite 700
Washington, DC 20006
United States
202-747-1461 (Phone)

Susan Parker

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) - Division of Economics ( email )

Carretera Mexico Toluca 3655
01210 Mexico, D.F.
Mexico

Petra Todd (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )

Ronald O. Perelman Center for Political Science
133 South 36th Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Viviana Velez-Grajales

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States
202-623-3686 (Phone)

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