Gibraltar

MAX PLANCK ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, Rüdiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2009

10 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2011

See all articles by Michael Waibel

Michael Waibel

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law; Lauterpacht Centre for International Law; University of Cambridge - Jesus College

Date Written: December 15, 2009

Abstract

The entry discusses the legal status of Gibraltar in international and European Union law, including the Spanish and British claims to sovereignty and self-determination. Gibraltar is a promontory of about five square kilometres on the Southern coast of Spain. It comprises the rock, the town, its historically important fortifications and port. An isthmus with the Gibraltar airport links the foot of the rock and the Spanish mainland, bisected east-west by the Spain-Gibraltar line of control. The enclave is one of fourteen remaining British Overseas Territories. To the west, Gibraltar is bordered by the Bay of Gibraltar (Algeciras) and to the south by the Strait of Gibraltar, a major route for international maritime traffic between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. As guardian to the Western entrance to the Mediterranean Sea, Gibraltar’s naval base held great strategic significance during the two world wars.

Keywords: British overseas territory, territory, sovereignty, cession by treaty, Spain, referendum, self-determination, co-sovereignty

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Waibel, Michael, Gibraltar (December 15, 2009). MAX PLANCK ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, Rüdiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1919628

Michael Waibel (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

Lauterpacht Centre for International Law ( email )

5 Cranmer Road
Cambridge, CB3 9BL
United Kingdom

University of Cambridge - Jesus College ( email )

Jesus Lane
Cambridge, CB5 8BL
United Kingdom

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
169
Abstract Views
648
rank
174,697
PlumX Metrics