Exploring the Impacts of Public Childcare on Mothers and Children in Italy: Does Rationing Play a Role?

35 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2011

See all articles by Ylenia Brilli

Ylenia Brilli

Graduate School in Public Economics; CHILD

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of public childcare availability in Italy on mothers' working status and children's scholastic achievements. We use a newly available dataset containing individual standardized test scores of pupils attending second grade of primary school in 2008-09 in conjunction with data on public childcare availability. Public childcare coverage in Italy is scarce (12.7 percent versus the OECD average of 30 percent) and the service is “rationed”: each municipality allocates the available slots according to eligibility criteria. We contribute to the existing literature taking into account rationing in public childcare access and the functioning of the childcare market. Our estimates indicate that childcare availability has positive and significant effects on both mothers' working status and children's language test scores. The effects are stronger when the degree of rationing is high and for low educated mothers and children living in lower income areas of the country.

Keywords: childcare, female employment, child cognitive outcomes

JEL Classification: J13, D1, H75

Suggested Citation

Brilli, Ylenia and Del Boca, Daniela and Pronzato, Chiara, Exploring the Impacts of Public Childcare on Mothers and Children in Italy: Does Rationing Play a Role?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5918. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1921969

Ylenia Brilli (Contact Author)

Graduate School in Public Economics ( email )

Largo Gemelli, 1
Via Necchi 9
Milan, MI 20123
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/brilliylenia/

CHILD ( email )

Turin, TO
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/brilliylenia/

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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