Conflict and Its Impact on Educational Accumulation and Enrollment in Colombia: What We Can Learn from Recent IDPs

50 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2011

See all articles by Kate Wharton

Kate Wharton

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Morehouse College; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Forty years of low-intensity internal armed conflict has made Colombia home to the world's second largest population of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). The effect of being directly impacted by conflict on a child's educational accumulation and enrollment is of particular concern because of the critical role that education plays in increasing human capital and productivity. This paper explores the educational accumulation and enrollment gap created by being directly affected by conflict. First, we show that children living in municipality with high conflict have a gap in education enrollment and accumulation. However, this gap is much smaller than the attainment and enrollment gap for those directly affected by the conflict (IDPs). We estimate the education accumulation and enrollment gaps for IDPs in comparison to non-migrants and other migrants respectively. Our results suggest significant education accumulation and enrollment gaps for children of IDPs that widens to over half a year in secondary school. The disparity in effects when we focus on direct exposure to conflict versus living in a municipality with conflict suggests a need to be careful when using the latter to estimate the impact of conflict.

Keywords: educational attainment, school enrollment, Colombia, internal displacement, conflict

JEL Classification: I24, O12, O15, J10

Suggested Citation

Wharton, Kate and Uwaifo Oyelere, Ruth, Conflict and Its Impact on Educational Accumulation and Enrollment in Colombia: What We Can Learn from Recent IDPs. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5939, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1922011 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1922011

Kate Wharton (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Morehouse College ( email )

Department of Economics
Atlanta, GA 30332
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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