Immigration: The New Zealand Experience

41 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2000

See all articles by Rainer Winkelmann

Rainer Winkelmann

University of Zurich - Statistics and Empirical Economic Research; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: October 1999

Abstract

This paper starts with a historical review of the New Zealand immigration experience and policy. Data from the 1981 and 1996 New Zealand Censuses are then used to illustrate changes in the characteristics of immigrants as well as their labor outcomes. The decline in the income of recent immigrants over the study period is found to be due mainly to changes in the region-of-origin composition. Immigrants are found to have lower incomes than natives upon arrival. However, income parity is reached after 20-30 years of residence. Immigrants with English speaking background fare substantially better in the New Zealand labor market than migrants with non-English speaking background.

JEL Classification: J15, J61, J68

Suggested Citation

Winkelmann, Rainer, Immigration: The New Zealand Experience (October 1999). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=192328

Rainer Winkelmann (Contact Author)

University of Zurich - Statistics and Empirical Economic Research ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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