The Effect of Education on Health: Cross-Country Evidence

25 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2011

Date Written: August 5, 2011

Abstract

This paper sheds light on the causal relationship between education and health outcomes. It combines three surveys (SHARE, HRS and ELSA) that include nationally representative samples of people aged 50 and over from thirteen OECD countries. It uses variation in the timing of educational reforms across these countries as an instrument for education. Using IV-Probit models, it finds causal evidence that more years of education lead to a lower probability of reporting poor health and lower prevalence for diabetes and hypertension. These effects are larger than those from the Probit, that do not control for the endogeneity of education. The relationship between education and cancer is positive in both Probit and IV-Probit models. The causal impacts of education on other chronic conditions as well as functional status are not established using IV-Probit models.

Keywords: education, health, causality, compulsory schooling laws

Suggested Citation

Fonseca, Raquel and Zheng, Yuhui, The Effect of Education on Health: Cross-Country Evidence (August 5, 2011). RAND Working Paper No. WR-864. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1924005 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1924005

Raquel Fonseca (Contact Author)

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

Yuhui Zheng

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
116
Abstract Views
711
rank
243,301
PlumX Metrics