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Misapplication of the Federal Extraterritoriality Principle in Limiting the Scope of Civil Remedies for Fraud Under State Blue Sky Laws

65 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2011  

Robert N. Rapp

Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Date Written: September 9, 2011

Abstract

States do not exercise extraterritorial power when a civil remedy for purchasers of securities victimized by unlawful conduct in the offer and sale of those securities is invoked by out of state purchasers under the Blue Sky Law of the state in and from which the distribution of securities was undertaken. The Extraterritoriality Principle under the Dormant Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution does not bar the invocation of a post-transaction by out of state purchasers. A United States District Court misapplied the Extraterritoriality Principle by constructing a bright-line "transaction" test to cabin the territorial limit of a purchaser remedy. The court ignored the object of regulation and protection under Blue Sky Laws as applied to the entire process of a distribution of securities, and mistakenly equated the application of a post-transaction civil remedy with the projection of state regulation outside the state.

Keywords: Blue Sky law, state securities regulation, Dormant Commerce Clause, Extraterritoriality Principle

JEL Classification: K20

Suggested Citation

Rapp, Robert N., Misapplication of the Federal Extraterritoriality Principle in Limiting the Scope of Civil Remedies for Fraud Under State Blue Sky Laws (September 9, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1924973 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1924973

Robert N. Rapp (Contact Author)

Case Western Reserve University School of Law ( email )

11075 East Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44106-7148
United States

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