The Nationalization and Liberalization of the Retail Trade Industry in the Philippines

Brillo, B.B. (2011). The Nationalization and Liberalization of the Retail Trade Industry in the Philippines. Danyag: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 55-67.

24 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2011 Last revised: 26 Apr 2016

See all articles by Bing Baltazar C. Brillo

Bing Baltazar C. Brillo

University of the Philippines Los Banos; University of the Philippines Los Banos

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

The Philippine policy experience in the retail trade sector is distinct. Two radical policy shifts have occurred in the industry and the policy change took a circular path. In 1954, the Third Congress passed Republic Act (R.A.) 1180, the Retail Trade Nationalization Act, and in 2000, the Eleventh Congress enacted R.A. 8762, the Retail Trade Liberalization Act. The former was a change from an open to a protectionist policy, while the latter was a change from a protectionist to an open policy. Typically, any move to change an existing policy is always contentious and difficult. Those benefiting from the status quo would naturally take action to preserve their advantage; thus, policy change entails winners and losers. In examining the politics of policy change in the retail trade, this paper will utilize four factors — the context, the stakeholders and the cost benefit equation, policy rationalization, and presidential intervention and concessions — to systematically outline and explain the policy shifts that occurred.

Suggested Citation

Brillo, Bing Baltazar C., The Nationalization and Liberalization of the Retail Trade Industry in the Philippines (2011). Brillo, B.B. (2011). The Nationalization and Liberalization of the Retail Trade Industry in the Philippines. Danyag: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 55-67.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1925323 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1925323

Bing Baltazar C. Brillo (Contact Author)

University of the Philippines Los Banos ( email )

Los Baños, Laguna 4031
Philippines

University of the Philippines Los Banos ( email )

Philippines

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