Global Poverty Estimates: A Sensitivity Analysis

31 Pages Posted: 12 Sep 2011 Last revised: 19 Aug 2014

See all articles by Shatakshee Dhongde

Shatakshee Dhongde

Georgia Institute of Technology

Camelia Minoiu

Federal Reserve Board

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 12, 2011


Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. In this paper we undertake a sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices in estimating global poverty. We measure global poverty using different data sources, parametric and nonparametric estimation methods, and multiple poverty lines. Our results indicate that estimates of global poverty vary significantly when they are based alternately on data from household surveys versus national accounts but are relatively consistent across different estimation methods. The decline in poverty over the past decade is found to be robust across methodological choices.

Keywords: global poverty, sensitivity analysis, household surveys, national accounts, income distribution, international poverty line

JEL Classification: C14, D31, F01, I32, O10

Suggested Citation

Dhongde, Shatakshee and Minoiu, Camelia, Global Poverty Estimates: A Sensitivity Analysis (September 12, 2011). World Development, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: or

Shatakshee Dhongde (Contact Author)

Georgia Institute of Technology ( email )

Atlanta, GA 30332
United States

Camelia Minoiu

Federal Reserve Board ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States

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