Immigration and the Canadian Welfare State 2011

H. Grubel & P. Grady, STUDIES IN IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE POLICY, Fraser Institute, May 2011

62 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2011

See all articles by Herbert Grubel

Herbert Grubel

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics; The Fraser Institute

Patrick Grady

Global Economics

Date Written: May 1, 2011


This publication provides an estimate of the fiscal burden created by recent immigration into Canada and proposes reforms to existing immigrant selection policies to eliminate the burden. It uses a 2006 Census database to estimate the average incomes and taxes paid on these by immigrants who arrived in Canada over the period from 1987 to 2004. It also estimates other taxes they paid and the value of government services they absorbed.

The study concludes that in the fiscal year 2005/06 the immigrants on average received an excess of $6,051 in benefits over taxes paid. Depending on assumptions about the number of recent immigrants in Canada, the fiscal burden in that year is estimated to be between $23.6 billion and $16.3 billion. These estimates are not changed by the consideration of other alleged benefits brought by immigrants.

To curtail this growing fiscal burden from immigration, the study proposes that temporary work visas be granted to applicants who have a valid offer for employment from employers, in occupations and at pay levels specified by the federal government and determined in cooperation with private-sector employers. Immediate dependents may accompany successful applicants. The temporary visas are renewable and lead to landed immigrant status if certain specified employment criteria are met.

Keywords: taxes, benefits, fiscal cost of immigration, recent immigrants to Canada

JEL Classification: H24, J61

Suggested Citation

Grubel, Herbert and Grady, Patrick, Immigration and the Canadian Welfare State 2011 (May 1, 2011). H. Grubel & P. Grady, STUDIES IN IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE POLICY, Fraser Institute, May 2011, Available at SSRN:

Herbert Grubel (Contact Author)

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6

The Fraser Institute

1770 Burrard Street
4th Floor
Vancouver, British Columbia V6J 3G7

Patrick Grady

Global Economics ( email )

94 Vivante Blvd.
Unit 9431
Punta Gorda, FL FL 33950
United States
941-916-0429 (Phone)


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