The Role of Justice in Historical Negotiation

Posted: 14 Sep 2011

See all articles by Lynn Wagner

Lynn Wagner

International Institute for Sustainable Development

Daniel Druckman

George Mason University - Department of Public & International Affairs

Date Written: September 12, 2011

Abstract

This study explores the role of justice in eleven historical cases of inter-governmental negotiation. Building on results obtained in several recent studies on justice in negotiation, we examine a set of hypotheses about relationships among negotiating process (as distributive bargaining or problem solving), justice (as procedural and distributive), outcomes (as compromise or integrative), and the duration of the agreements. The process variables were coded from negotiators’ statements with categories from the bargaining process analysis system. The justice variables were coded with a system developed in recent studies on peace agreements. Similar to results obtained by Hollander-Blumoff and Tyler (2008) in a simulated legal setting, we find correlations between procedural justice, problem solving and integrative outcomes. Similar to results obtained by Druckman and Albin (2011) on peace agreements, we find a strong relationship between distributive justice and the durability of the agreement. In these cases, problem-solving processes were shown to mediate the relationship between procedural justice and integrative outcomes. The findings suggest that justice plays an important role across a variety of negotiation settings. We present these results as heuristic, suggesting avenues for further research on larger and more diverse samples of cases.

Keywords: distributive bargaining, distributive justice, durability of agreements, integrative outcomes, inter-governmental negotiation, problem solving, procedural justice

Suggested Citation

Wagner, Lynn and Druckman, Daniel, The Role of Justice in Historical Negotiation (September 12, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1926504

Lynn Wagner

International Institute for Sustainable Development ( email )

161 Portage Avenue East, 6th Floor
Winnipeg
Manitoba, R3B 0Y4, Manitoba
United States

Daniel Druckman (Contact Author)

George Mason University - Department of Public & International Affairs ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States
703-993-1400 (Phone)

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