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The Dynamics of Income-Related Health Inequality Among US Children

13 Pages Posted: 15 Sep 2011  

Pinka Chatterji

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Kajal Lahiri

State University of New York (SUNY) at Albany, College of Arts and Sciences, Economics

Jingya Song

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: September 15, 2011

Abstract

We estimate and decompose family income-related inequality in child health in the US and analyze its dynamics using the income-related health mobility index recently introduced by Allanson et al., 2010. Data come from the 1997, 2002, and 2007 waves of the Child Development Supplement (CDS) of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). The findings show that family income-related child health inequality remains stable from early childhood into adolescence. The main factor underlying income-related child health inequality is family income itself, although other factors, such as maternal education, also play a role. Decomposition of income-related health mobility indicates that health changes over time are more favorable to children with lower initial family incomes vs. children with higher initial family incomes. However, offsetting this effect, our findings also suggest that as children grow up, changes in family income ranking over time are related to children’s subsequent health status.

Keywords: inequality, child health, income-related health inequality, income-related health mobility, health inequality

JEL Classification: I100, I120, I190

Suggested Citation

Chatterji, Pinka and Lahiri, Kajal and Song, Jingya, The Dynamics of Income-Related Health Inequality Among US Children (September 15, 2011). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3572. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1927813

Pinka Chatterji

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Kajal Lahiri (Contact Author)

State University of New York (SUNY) at Albany, College of Arts and Sciences, Economics ( email )

Department of Economics
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States
518-442 4758 (Phone)
518-442 4736 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.albany.edu/~klahiri

Jingya Song

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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