R. E. Goodin, P. Pettit, T. Pogge, A COMPANION TO CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, Oxford, Blackwell, 2007
14 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2011
Date Written: 2007
Federalism has received more philosophical attention recently, partly due to renewed political interest in federalism and its dilemmas and opportunities in Canada, Australia and Europe, where federal arrangements are seen as interesting solution to accommodating differences among populations divided by ethnic or cultural cleavages yet seeking a common political order. Recent empirical research on the requisite and legitimate basis for stability and trust among citizens in federations has also spurred philosophical study.
Federalism is the theory or advocacy of federal political orders, where citizens have political obligations to two authorities whose powers are constitutionally divided, so that the territorial sub-units and a center can each act independently of the others in some area. The sub-units may also participate in central decision-making bodies. The allocation of authority between the sub-units and center may vary; typically the center has powers regarding defense and foreign policy.
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