The Distributive Justice of a Global Basic Structure: A Category Mistake?
Politics, Philosophy and Economics, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 46-65, 2011
22 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Date Written: September 21, 2011
The present article explores ‘anti-cosmopolitan’ arguments, that shared institutions above the state, such as there are, are not of a kind that support or give rise to distributive claims beyond securing minimum needs. The upshot is to rebut certain of these ‘anti-cosmopolitann’ arguments. Section 2 asks under which conditions institutions are subject to distributive justice norms. That is, which sound reasons support claims to a relative share of the benefits of institutions that exist and apply to individuals? Such norms may require strict equality, Rawls’ Difference Principle, or other constraints on inequality. Section 2 considers, and rejects, several arguments why existing international institutions are not thought to meet these conditions.
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