The Impact of Work and Non‐Work Migration on Household Welfare, Poverty and Inequality

29 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2011

See all articles by Cuong Viet Nguyen

Cuong Viet Nguyen

(NEU) National Economics University of Vietnam

Marrit Van Den Berg

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Robert Lensink

University of Groningen - Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance; Wageningen UR - Development Economics Group

Date Written: October 2011

Abstract

This article estimates the impact of work migration and non‐work migration on per capita income, per capita expenditures, poverty and inequality in Vietnam using data from the two most recent Vietnam Household and Living Standard Surveys. We find that both work migration and non‐work migration have a positive impact on per capita expenditures of migrant‐sending households. Non‐work migration significantly decreases the incidence, depth and severity of national poverty. The effect of work migration on poverty is much smaller. Still, while work migration does not lift people out of poverty, it makes their poverty less severe. In addition, both work migration and non‐work migration decrease inequality, albeit only very slightly.

Keywords: Migration, impact evaluation, poverty, inequality, Vietnam

JEL Classification: O15, R23, I32

Suggested Citation

Nguyen Viet, Cuong and Van Den Berg, Marrit and Lensink, Robert, The Impact of Work and Non‐Work Migration on Household Welfare, Poverty and Inequality (October 2011). Economics of Transition, Vol. 19, Issue 4, pp. 771-799, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1932015 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0351.2011.00416.x

Cuong Nguyen Viet (Contact Author)

(NEU) National Economics University of Vietnam ( email )

207 Giai phong Road
Hai Ba Trung District
Hanoi, Hanoi 10000
Vietnam

Marrit Van Den Berg

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Robert Lensink

University of Groningen - Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AH Groningen
Netherlands

Wageningen UR - Development Economics Group ( email )

Hollandseweg 1
WAGENINGEN, 6706 KN
Netherlands

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