Total Instructional Time Exposure and Student Achievement: An Extreme Bounds Analysis Based on German State-Level Variation

32 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2011

See all articles by Philipp Mandel

Philipp Mandel

University of Leipzig - Institute for Empirical Research in Economics (IEW)/Econometrics

Bernd Süssmuth

University of Leipzig; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: September 22, 2011

Abstract

Using pooled data on instructional time and student performance by subject, our study finds evidence for the school inputs-student achievement relationship for German states. This finding is robust both to the inclusion of state fixed effects and in an extensive extreme bounds analysis. It stands in contrast to the majority of related studies. We argue that this is due to an error-in-variables problem and implied misinterpretation of existing studies that disregard the fact of learning being a cumulative process by relying on rather poor proxies for instructional time. High school ninth graders from the OECD Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA-E) tests’ bottom percentiles benefit most from extra-instructional time measured in cumulated form from first up to ninth grade. Besides total instructional time exposure, we identify eight further social environment and institutional variables with robust impact on student performance. In contrast to instructional time hardly any of these factors can be affected by policy in the short run.

Keywords: education production function, student performance, school resources

JEL Classification: I210, I280, L380

Suggested Citation

Mandel, Philipp and Süssmuth, Bernd, Total Instructional Time Exposure and Student Achievement: An Extreme Bounds Analysis Based on German State-Level Variation (September 22, 2011). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3580, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1932085

Philipp Mandel

University of Leipzig - Institute for Empirical Research in Economics (IEW)/Econometrics ( email )

Grimmaische Strasse 12
Leipzig, 04109
Germany

Bernd Süssmuth (Contact Author)

University of Leipzig ( email )

IEW Institute for Empirical Research in Economics
Grimmaische Str. 12
Leipzig, D-04109
Germany
+49 341 97 33782 (Phone)
+49 341 97 33789 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wifa.uni-leipzig.de/iew/professur-oekonometrie/team/prof-dr-bernd-suessmuth.html

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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