Causality and Contagion in Peripheral EMU Public Debt Markets: A Dynamic Approach
Research Institute of Applied Economics Working Paper 2011/16
55 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2011
Date Written: July 29, 2011
Our research aims to analyze the causal relationships in the behavior of public debt issued by peripheral member countries of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), with special emphasis on the recent episodes of crisis triggered in the eurozone sovereign debt markets since 2009. With this goal in mind, we make use of a database of daily frequency of yields on 10-year government bonds issued by five EMU countries (Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain), covering the entire history of the EMU from its inception on 1 January 1999 until 31 December 2010. In the first step, we explore the pair-wise causal relationship between yields, both for the whole sample and for changing subsamples of the data, in order to capture the possible time-varying causal relationship. This approach allows us to detect episodes of contagion between yields on bonds issued by different countries. In the second step, we study the determinants of these contagion episodes, analyzing the role played by different factors, paying special attention to instruments that capture the total national debt (domestic and foreign) in each country.
Keywords: Sovereign bond yields, causality, time-varying contagion, euro area, peripheral EMU countries
JEL Classification: E44, F36, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation