Gender Stereotyping: Transnational Legal Perspectives
R. Cook & S. Cusack, GENDER STEREOTYPING: TRANSNATIONAL LEGAL PERSPECTIVES, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010
Posted: 16 Nov 2011
Date Written: 2010
"While both lawyers and psychologists have been aware of the role of stereotypes in discrimination, there is little literature addressing the legal status of stereotypes as gender discrimination. Gender Stereotyping makes a substantial contribution to the field by bringing the insights of psychology to bear on the legal approaches in a sophisticated way." Susan Williams, Walter W. Foskett Professor of Law, Indiana University.
Pivotal in their analysis is the 1979 Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, from which Cook and Cusack develop "strategies" such as "naming operative gender stereotypes, identifying how they violate the human rights of women, and articulating states' obligations to eliminate and remedy these violations."
Drawing on domestic and international law, as well as on judgments given by courts and human rights treaty bodies, Gender Stereotyping offers perspectives on ways gender stereotypes might be eliminated through the transnational legal process in order to ensure women's equality and the full exercise of their human rights.
A leading international framework for debates on the subject of stereotypes, the Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, was adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly and defines what constitutes discrimination against women. It also establishes an agenda to eliminate discrimination in all its forms in order to ensure substantive equality for women. Applying the Convention as the primary framework for analysis, this book provides essential strategies for eradicating gender stereotyping. Its proposed methodology requires naming operative gender stereotypes, identifying how they violate the human rights of women, and articulating states' obligations to eliminate and remedy these violations.
According to Rebecca J. Cook and Simone Cusack, in order to abolish all forms of discrimination against women, priority needs to be given to the elimination of gender stereotypes. While stereotypes affect both men and women, they can have particularly egregious effects on women, often devaluing them and assigning them to subservient roles in society. As the legal perspectives offered in Gender Stereotyping demonstrate, treating women according to restrictive generalizations instead of their individual needs, abilities, and circumstances denies women their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Keywords: gender, stereotyping, international law, human rights, women
JEL Classification: K10, K19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation