A Supply Chain Generalized Network Oligopoly Model for Pharmaceuticals under Brand Differentiation and Perishability
Transportation Research E, Forthcoming
39 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2011 Last revised: 12 Jan 2012
Date Written: January 2012
In this paper, we construct a generalized network oligopoly model with arc multipliers for supply chains of pharmaceutical products using variational inequality theory. The model captures the Cournot competition among the manufacturers who seek to determine their profit-maximizing product flows, which can be perishable, with the consumers differentiating among the products of the firms, whether branded or generic, and the firms taking into consideration the discarding costs. The numerical examples demonstrate that a brand pharmaceutical product may lose its dominant market share as a consequence of patent rights expiration and because of generic competition.
Keywords: perishable products, pharmaceutical companies, healthcare, supply chains, brand differentiation, generalized network
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