Fertility Responses to Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

36 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2011

See all articles by Nicholas Wilson

Nicholas Wilson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: September 29, 2011

Abstract

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions reduce the cumulative probability of transmission from a HIV positive woman to her child by as much as 40 percentage points. This paper is the rst economic analysis of the behavioral e ects of PMTCT. I examine fertility responses to the scale-up of PMTCT in Zambia, a country where approximately 15 percent of adults age 15-49 are HIV positive. My results suggest that the local introduction of PMTCT reduced pregnancy rates by up to 20 percent, that the fertility response was greater among women who were more likely to be HIV positive, and that PMTCT substantially increased breastfeeding rates.

Keywords: Fertility, HIV/AIDS, PMTCT, reproductive technology, Zambia

JEL Classification: I10, J13

Suggested Citation

Wilson, Nicholas, Fertility Responses to Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (September 29, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1935507 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1935507

Nicholas Wilson (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
23
Abstract Views
242
PlumX Metrics