The Kyoto Compliance System: Towards Hard Enforcement

IMPLEMENTING THE CLIMATE REGIME: INTERNATIONAL COMPLIANCE, Ch. 2, pp. 39-62, Olav Schram Stokke, Jon Hovi, Geir Ulfstein, eds., Earthscan/James and James, 2005

13 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2011 Last revised: 5 Oct 2011

See all articles by Geir Ulfstein

Geir Ulfstein

Faculty of Law, University of Oslo; Pluricourts

Jacob Werksman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: October 3, 2011

Abstract

As states take on more comprehensive and stricter obligations in multilateral environ-mental agreements (MEAs), increasing focus is being given to the effective implementation of these obligations. In the Kyoto Protocol context, the Marrakesh Accords have established a Compliance Committee with both a Facilitative Branch and an Enforcement Branch to address compliance with the substantive commitments. This book chapter addresses both branches of the Compliance Committee. The emphasis is, however, on the 'hard' elements of Kyoto's compliance system, i.e. the sanctions or enforcement consequences applied in cases of breaches of obligations, and the procedures that will determine and apply such consequences.

Keywords: Kyoto, compliance

Suggested Citation

Ulfstein, Geir and Werksman, Jacob, The Kyoto Compliance System: Towards Hard Enforcement (October 3, 2011). IMPLEMENTING THE CLIMATE REGIME: INTERNATIONAL COMPLIANCE, Ch. 2, pp. 39-62, Olav Schram Stokke, Jon Hovi, Geir Ulfstein, eds., Earthscan/James and James, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1937576

Geir Ulfstein (Contact Author)

Faculty of Law, University of Oslo ( email )

PO Box 6706 St Olavsplass
Oslo, 0130
Norway

Pluricourts

Norway

Jacob Werksman

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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