The Kyoto Compliance System: Towards Hard Enforcement
IMPLEMENTING THE CLIMATE REGIME: INTERNATIONAL COMPLIANCE, Ch. 2, pp. 39-62, Olav Schram Stokke, Jon Hovi, Geir Ulfstein, eds., Earthscan/James and James, 2005
13 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2011 Last revised: 5 Oct 2011
Date Written: October 3, 2011
As states take on more comprehensive and stricter obligations in multilateral environ-mental agreements (MEAs), increasing focus is being given to the effective implementation of these obligations. In the Kyoto Protocol context, the Marrakesh Accords have established a Compliance Committee with both a Facilitative Branch and an Enforcement Branch to address compliance with the substantive commitments. This book chapter addresses both branches of the Compliance Committee. The emphasis is, however, on the 'hard' elements of Kyoto's compliance system, i.e. the sanctions or enforcement consequences applied in cases of breaches of obligations, and the procedures that will determine and apply such consequences.
Keywords: Kyoto, compliance
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