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Same-Sex Parenting and Children’s Outcomes: A Closer Examination of the American Psychological Association’s Brief on Lesbian and Gay Parenting

33 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2011  

Loren Marks

Louisiana State University

Date Written: October 3, 2011

Abstract

In 2005, the American Psychological Association (APA) issued an official brief on Lesbian and Gay Parenting. This brief included the assertion: “Not a single study has found children of lesbian or gay parents to be disadvantaged in any significant respect relative to children of heterosexual parents” (p. 15). The present article closely examines this assertion and 59 published studies cited by APA to support it. Seven central questions address: (1) homogenous sampling, (2) absence of comparison groups, (3) comparison group characteristics, (4) contradictory data, (5) the limited scope of children’s outcomes studied, (6) paucity of long-term outcome data, and (7) lack of APA-urged statistical power. The conclusion is that strong assertions, including those made by the APA, were not empirically warranted. Recommendations for future research are offered.

Keywords: same-sex parenting, lesbian, gay

Suggested Citation

Marks, Loren, Same-Sex Parenting and Children’s Outcomes: A Closer Examination of the American Psychological Association’s Brief on Lesbian and Gay Parenting (October 3, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1937762 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1937762

Loren Marks (Contact Author)

Louisiana State University ( email )

Baton Rouge, LA 70803
United States
225-578-2405 (Phone)

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