Sustainable Cooperation in Global Climate Policy: Specific Formulas and Emission Targets to Build on Copenhagen and Cancun

41 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2011 Last revised: 23 Jan 2014

See all articles by Valentina Bosetti

Valentina Bosetti

Bocconi University; CMCC - Euro Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change

Jeffrey A. Frankel

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 4, 2011

Abstract

We offer a framework to assign quantitative allocations of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), across countries, one budget period at a time. Under the two-part plan: China, India, and other developing countries accept targets at Business as Usual (BAU) in the coming budget period, the same period in which the US first agrees to cuts below BAU; and all countries are asked in the future to make further cuts in accordance with a common numerical formula to all. The formula is expressed as the sum of a Progressive Reductions Factor, a Latecomer Catch-up Factor, and a Gradual Equalization Factor. This paper builds on our previous work in many ways. First we update targets to reflect pledges made by governments after the Copenhagen Accord of December 2010 and confirmed at the Cancun meeting of December 2011. Second, the WITCH model, which we use to project economic and environmental effects of any given set of emission targets, has been refined and updated to reflect economic and technological developments. We include the possibility of emissions reduction from bio energy (BE), carbon capture and storage (CCS), and avoided deforestation and forest degradation (REDD ) which is an important component of pledges in several developing countries. Third, we use a Nash criterion for evaluating whether a country’s costs are too high to sustain cooperation.

Keywords: Cancun, climate, concentrations, cooperation, Copenhagen, costs, developing countries, development, emissions, equity, global climate, global warming, greenhouse gas, human development, international, Kyoto, sustainable, treaty, United Nations, WITCH

JEL Classification: Q54

Suggested Citation

Bosetti, Valentina and Frankel, Jeffrey A., Sustainable Cooperation in Global Climate Policy: Specific Formulas and Emission Targets to Build on Copenhagen and Cancun (October 4, 2011). FEEM Working Paper No. 66.2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1938184 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1938184

Valentina Bosetti (Contact Author)

Bocconi University

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Jeffrey A. Frankel

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

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