Dr-Cafta and the Environment

30 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Barbara Cunha

Barbara Cunha

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Muthukumara Mani

World Bank

Date Written: October 1, 2011


The Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement with the United States aims to create a free trade zone for economic development. The Agreement is expected to intensify commerce and investment among the participating countries. This paper analyzes the changes in the production and trading patterns in 2-digit manufacturing sectors with the goal of understanding the short-term environmental implications of the Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement. More specifically, the paper addresses the questions: Did pollution increase in the period after the Agreement negotiations? Did trade and production shift toward pollution intensive factors? The results suggest an increase in pollution emissions in the post-negotiations period. The increase in emissions is mainly attributable to scale effects. Composition effects are small and in some cases (including Nicaragua and Honduras) favoring cleaner industries and partially compensating the pollution gains from output and export growth.

Keywords: Environmental Economics & Policies, Water and Industry, Emerging Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Brown Issues and Health

Suggested Citation

Cunha, Barbara and Mani, Muthukumara, Dr-Cafta and the Environment (October 1, 2011). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5826, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1938905

Barbara Cunha (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Muthukumara Mani

World Bank ( email )

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Washington, DC 20433
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