Spatial and Inter-Temporal Sources of Poverty, Inequality and Gender Disparities in Cameroon: A Regression-Based Decomposition Analysis

PEP PMMA Working Paper 2011-15

45 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2011 Last revised: 11 Jul 2018

See all articles by Boniface Ngah Epo

Boniface Ngah Epo

University of Yaoundé II

Francis Menjo Baye

University of Yaounde II

Nadine Teme Angele Manga

University of Yaounde II

Date Written: October 5, 2011

Abstract

This study applies the regression-based inequality decomposition technique to explain poverty and inequality trends in Cameroon. We also identify gender related factors which explain income disparities and discrimination based on the 2001 and 2007 Cameroon household consumption surveys. The results show that education, health, employment in the formal sector, age cohorts, household size, gender, ownership of farmland and urban versus rural residence explain household economic well-being; disparities in income inequality between male- and female-headed households are largely explained by education, the share of active household members, employment in the formal sector, household size and health. The study concludes that public interventions which encourage education for all, employment and rural development in Cameroon have some prospects of addressing gender-based inequality in Cameroon.

Keywords: Regression-based decomposition, Poverty, Inequality, Gender and Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition

JEL Classification: I30, I32, D39

Suggested Citation

Epo, Boniface and Baye, Francis Menjo and Teme Angele Manga, Nadine, Spatial and Inter-Temporal Sources of Poverty, Inequality and Gender Disparities in Cameroon: A Regression-Based Decomposition Analysis (October 5, 2011). PEP PMMA Working Paper 2011-15, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1939114 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1939114

Boniface Epo (Contact Author)

University of Yaoundé II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Center 00237

Francis Menjo Baye

University of Yaounde II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Yaounde, Center 00237
Cameroon

Nadine Teme Angele Manga

University of Yaounde II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Center 00237
Cameroon

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