Regional Integration in Africa

27 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2011

Date Written: October 10, 2011

Abstract

This paper examines the history of regional integration in Africa, what has motivated it, the different initiatives that African governments have pursued, the nature of the integration process, and the current challenges. Regional integration is seen as a rational response to the difficulties faced by a continent with many small national markets and landlocked countries. As a result, African governments have concluded a very large number of regional integration arrangements, several of which have significant membership overlap. While characterized by ambitious targets, they have a dismally poor implementation record. Part of the problem may lie in the paradigm of linear market integration, marked by stepwise integration of goods, labour and capital markets, and eventually monetary and fiscal integration. This tends to focus on border measures such as the import tariff. However, supply-side constraints may be more important. A deeper integration agenda that includes services, investment, competition policy and other behind-the-border issues can address the national-level supply-side constraints far more effectively than an agenda which focuses almost exclusively on border measures.

Keywords: Regional integration

JEL Classification: F15, O19

Suggested Citation

Hartzenberg, Trudi, Regional Integration in Africa (October 10, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1941742 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1941742

Trudi Hartzenberg (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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