Conference Paper, The Nobel Symposium in Economics - The Economics of Transition, Stockholm, September 1999
47 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 1999
Date Written: August 1999
Across 69 countries, higher tax rates are associated with less unofficial activity as a percent of GDP but corruption is associated with more unofficial activity. Entrepreneurs go underground not to avoid official taxes but to reduce the burden of bureaucracy and corruption. Dodging the Grabbing Hand in this way reduces tax revenues as a percent of both official and total GDP. As a result, corrupt governments become small governments and only relatively uncorrupt governments can sustain high tax rates.
JEL Classification: H26,K42,O17,O1,O17,P5,M5,K0,H0,H1,C42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Friedman, Eric and Johnson, Simon and Kaufmann, Daniel and Zoido, Pablo, Dodging the Grabbing Hand: The Determinants of Unofficial Activity in 69 Countries (August 1999). Conference Paper, The Nobel Symposium in Economics - The Economics of Transition, Stockholm, September 1999. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=194628 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.194628