Institutions for Regulatory Cooperation in 'New Generation' Economic and Trade Agreements
Legal Issues of Economic Integration, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 109-126, 2012
22 Pages Posted: 22 Oct 2011 Last revised: 28 Jun 2013
Date Written: October 21, 2011
There is not one, perfect model for institutional regulatory cooperation, nor is there a single model for eliminating technical barriers to trade or discriminatory sanitary and phytosanitary measures in a preferential trade agreement (PTA). However, recent experience with PTAs has shown that it is possible to progress beyond entirely separate regulation in specific sectors by each party with bilateral government committees that only meet once a year to joint committees that meet on a regular basis and engage in joint harmonization, rule-making, mutual recognition, and problem-solving. In a new generation PTA (either free trade agreement or customs union) in which economic integration is an agreed policy objective, joint institutions will be necessary to effectively implement harmonization of standards and development of joint standards codes as well as mutual recognition of technical regulations, standards and occupational qualifications.
Keywords: regulatory cooperation, trade agreements, non-tariff barriers, standards, technical regulations, SPS, TBT, preferential trade agreements, regional trade agreements
JEL Classification: F1, F4, K2, K3, L4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation