Maternal Autonomy and the Education of the Subsequent Generation: Evidence from Three Contrasting States in India

50 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2011

See all articles by Marco Alfano

Marco Alfano

University of Strathclyde

Wiji Arulampalam

University of Warwick - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Uma S. Kambhampati

University of Reading - Department of Economics

Abstract

This paper makes a significant contribution on both conceptual and methodological fronts, in the analysis of the effect of maternal autonomy on school enrolment age of children in India. The school entry age is modelled using a discrete time duration model where maternal autonomy is entered as a latent characteristic, and allowed to be associated with various parental and household characteristics which also conditionally affect school entry age. The model identification is achieved by using proxy measures collected in the third round of the National Family Health Survey of India, on information relating to the economic, decision-making, physical and emotional autonomy of a woman. We concentrate on three very different states in India – Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh. Our results indicate that female autonomy is not associated with socio-economic characteristics of the woman or her family in Kerala (except maternal education), while it is strongly correlated to these characteristics in both Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Secondly, while female autonomy is significant in influencing the school starting age in UP, it is less important in AP and not significant at all in Kerala.

Keywords: latent factor models, structural equation models, female autonomy, school enrolment decisions, India, National Family Health Survey

JEL Classification: I2, J12, C35

Suggested Citation

Alfano, Marco and Arulampalam, Wiji and Kambhampati, Uma S., Maternal Autonomy and the Education of the Subsequent Generation: Evidence from Three Contrasting States in India. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1948015

Marco Alfano (Contact Author)

University of Strathclyde ( email )

16 Richmond Street
Glasgow 1XQ, Scotland G1 1XQ
United Kingdom

Wiji Arulampalam

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom
01203 523471 (Phone)
01203 523032 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Uma S. Kambhampati

University of Reading - Department of Economics ( email )

Reading, RG6 6AA
United Kingdom
+118 987 5123 (Phone)
+011 897 5236 (Fax)

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