Talking About the Pigou Paradox: Socio-Educational Background and Educational Outcomes of AlmaLaurea

30 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2011

See all articles by Floro E. Caroleo

Floro E. Caroleo

University of Naples Federico II; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Francesco Pastore

Seconda Università di Napoli - Dipartimento di Discipline Giuridiche ed Economiche Italiane Europee e Comparate; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

Italy has an immobile social structure. At the heart of this immobility is the educational system, with its high direct, but especially indirect cost, due to the extremely long time necessary to get a degree and to complete the subsequent school-to-work transition. Such cost prevents the educational system from reallocating the best opportunities to all talented young people and from altering the "typical" market mechanism of intergenerational transfer of human capital and social status. About ten years after the Bologna declaration and the "3+2" reform of the university system, AlmaLaurea data relative to 2008 shows a framework not much different from that of 2000. This is apparent by looking at the socio-educational background of university graduates. Parents' educational level seems to be the main determinant of the probability to get a university degree and to get it with the highest possible grade. As previous studies have also shown, the effect of the socio-educational background on children success at the university is not direct, but through the high school track. In fact, although any secondary high school gives access to the university, nonetheless lyceums provide students with far higher quality of education than technical and professional schools.

Keywords: intergenerational transfers, human capital, social status, Bologna declaration, "3+2" university reform, AlmaLaurea, Italy

JEL Classification: H52, I23, I24, J13, J24

Suggested Citation

Caroleo, Floro Ernesto and Pastore, Francesco, Talking About the Pigou Paradox: Socio-Educational Background and Educational Outcomes of AlmaLaurea (2011). IZA Discussion Paper No. 6021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1948017

Floro Ernesto Caroleo (Contact Author)

University of Naples Federico II ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Germany

Francesco Pastore

Seconda Università di Napoli - Dipartimento di Discipline Giuridiche ed Economiche Italiane Europee e Comparate ( email )

Via Antonio Vivaldi, 43
Caserta CE, Caserta 81100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.giurisprudenza.unina2.it/news.php?nid=185

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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