Should Easier Access to International Credit Replace Foreign Aid?
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); West Virginia University
Southern Illinois University Carbondale - Department of Economics
affiliation not provided to SSRN
IZA Discussion Paper No. 6024
We examine the interaction between foreign aid and binding borrowing constraint for a recipient country. We also analyze how these two instruments affect economic growth via non-linear relationships. First of all, we develop a two-country, two-period trade-theoretic model to develop testable hypotheses and then we use dynamic panel analysis to test those hypotheses empirically. Our main findings are that: (i) better access to international credit for a recipient country reduces the amount of foreign aid it receives, and (ii) there is a critical level of international financial transfer, and the marginal effect of foreign aid is larger than that of loans if and only if the transfer (loans or foreign aid) is below this critical level.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: foreign aid, foreign loans, borrowing constraint, economic growth, fungibility, public input
JEL Classification: F34, F35, O11, O16
Date posted: October 23, 2011