Is the Value Effect Seasonal? Evidence from Global Equity Markets
The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 21-33, 2012
13 Pages Posted: 6 Jan 2012
Date Written: 2012
This paper extends the research on value premium by examining patterns of seasonality exhibited in the book-to-market effect in major global equity markets. The results provide evidence supporting the January effect in the value premium phenomenon. Using stock market indices for Asia Pacific; Europe, Australasia, and Far East (EAFE); and Europe, with and without the U.K., Scandinavian countries, the U.K., U.S., and Japan form 1975 through 2007, the paper provides out-of-sample evidence from twenty-one countries that comprise different index portfolios. As a robustness measures, we use regression analysis, paired means tests, and non-parametric tests to examine whether the persistence of the anomalous January value premium is real and significant. The annualized excess January value premium ranges from 42.96 percent for Scandinavian countries to 9.24 percent for EAFE markets with 20.28 percent for U.S. Even though such a predictable pattern exists, our analysis suggests that large standard deviations would not allow a viable investment strategy.
Keywords: Value premium, International equity market, January effect
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation