Raising the Financial Costs of Children and Fertility Responses: Evidence from the Kibbutz

27 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2011

See all articles by Avraham Y. Ebenstein

Avraham Y. Ebenstein

Harvard University; University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics

Moshe Hazan

Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Avi Simhon

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Date Written: October 25, 2011

Abstract

Prior to 1996, Israelis in collective communities (kibbutzim) shared the costs of raising children equally. This paper examines the impact of the privatization of kibbutzim on fertility behavior among members. We find that fertility declined by 6-15 percent following the shift to privatization. In light of the massive change in financial costs associated with childbearing due to privatization, our results suggest that financial considerations may be a more modest factor in fertility decisions than generally regarded.

Keywords: Fertility, Privatization

JEL Classification: D1, J13

Suggested Citation

Ebenstein, Avraham Y. and Hazan, Moshe and Simhon, Avi, Raising the Financial Costs of Children and Fertility Responses: Evidence from the Kibbutz (October 25, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1949115 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1949115

Avraham Y. Ebenstein

Harvard University ( email )

1730 Cambridge Street, S408
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics ( email )

549 Evans Hall #3880
Berkeley, CA 94720-3880
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.demog.berkeley.edu/~ebenstei

Moshe Hazan (Contact Author)

Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 39040
Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, 69978
Israel

HOME PAGE: http://moshehazan.weebly.com/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Avi Simhon

Hebrew University of Jerusalem ( email )

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem 91905, Jerusalem 91905
Israel
+972 2 588 3237 (Phone)
+972 2 581 6071 (Fax)

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