A New Look at Reporting Fraud: By Exchange
38 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2011
Date Written: October 15, 2011
Statistics reporting litigated cases of fraud on an exchange-by-exchange basis are not readily available to investors. This paper introduces data from three countries with multiple exchanges with different listing standards, – Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States – to show litigated cases of fraud significantly vary by country, and the different exchanges within the country. Comparisons are also made to Brazil, China and Germany to assess out-of-sample inferences. The data examined suggest listing standards have a strong influence over the nature of observed fraud by securities commissions within the United States; by contrast, outside the United States there appears to be a comparative lack of enforcement. The data also suggest policy implications for the ways in which fraud ought to be reported to improve investor knowledge, market transparency and market quality.
Keywords: Corporate Fraud, Exchange Listing Standards, Securities Commissions, NYSE, NASDAQ, TSX, TSXV, LSE, AIM, Pinksheets
JEL Classification: G32, J33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation